Flexibility in YEL contributions
As an entrepreneur, you can adjust your YEL contributions to flexibly adapt to your financial situation. When times are good, you can improve your pension cover by making additional contributions. You can also temporarily lower your contributions. The flexibility option always applies to one calendar year at a time, and you may adjust your contributions only once within a calendar year.
Pay additional YEL contributions
You can pay 10–100 per cent higher contributions. We will send you a separate invoice for the higher contribution and it must be paid during the year of flexibility. If you pay additional contributions, the combined total of your insurance contributions cannot exceed the contribution calculated for the upper limit of YEL income (EUR 183 125 in 2021). If you wish to make additional contributions, you can do so every year, for instance. Additional contributions are tax deductible, just like other YEL contributions.
Lower your YEL contributions
You can pay 10–20 per cent lower insurance contributions. If you lower your contributions, the combined total of your insurance contributions cannot be lower than the contribution calculated for the lower limit of YEL income (EUR 8,063.57 in 2021). You can reduce your contributions for a maximum of three years within seven consecutive calendar years.
How can you use the flexibility option?
Send us a written notice indicating that you would like to use the flexibility option. The easiest way to apply for payment flexibility is through our eServices. Be sure to submit the notice in good time, as the application must be processed and the additional contributions must be paid during the year of flexibility. Your notice must indicate which flexibility option you are requesting, and the amount either as a percentage or a euro amount.
You can flexibly adjust your YEL contributions if
- your insurance is valid for the full year of flexibility,
- your insurance is valid for the full calendar year with the same pension insurance company,
- you do not have overdue, unpaid YEL contributions,
- you do not receive the discount for new entrepreneurs and
- you do not yet receive earnings-related pension from Finland (including part-time pension and partial old-age pension).
The flexibility option will be cancelled if it is later discovered that the entrepreneur was not, in fact, eligible for it due to changes made to the insurance policy. The flexibility option will be cancelled, for example, if your YEL income is changed or if the insurance ends during the year of opting for flexibility. If the flexibility option is cancelled, the insurance contributions will be re-calculated according to your YEL income.
The flexibility option affects pension
Using the flexibility option will affect the amount of your total YEL income for that year. By lowering your contributions, your total YEL income will also be lower and, correspondingly, additional contributions will raise your total YEL income. Your total YEL income is used as the basis for calculating your pension accrual for that year.
If disability pension applies to you, you should note that neither additional contributions paid the year before the start of the disability pension nor a reduction in insurance contributions will, in general, be taken into account when calculating the projected pension component for disability pension.
Flexibility does not replace the usual YEL income change
YEL income must reflect your work input and operating conditions. If significant changes take place in your entrepreneurial activities and the changes affect your YEL income, you should change your YEL income rather than use the flexibility option. Change your YEL income conveniently in our eServices.
In terms of your other social security benefits, it is important to keep your YEL income continuously at the right level, as the flexibility option only affects pension. The flexibility option does not affect, e.g., the level of daily allowance under the Finnish Health Insurance Act or unemployment security.
Do you need additional information?
If you would like more information on the flexibility options and other matters related to YEL insurance, please contact Varma’s experts. You can contact us through our eServices, by phone at 010 192 102 or in our chat service.