Applying for pension

Digital application and decision speed up the process

Pension is a benefit that must be applied for

Before applying for pension, you can estimate the amount of your pension in our online service.

  1. Check this page for your eligibility to receive pension.
  2. Fill in the electronic application - check below for when to do so.

You can apply for both earnings-related and national pension at the same time. Are you eligible for national pension? Check

Apply at the right time

If you have lived or worked in other countries, you generally apply for pension through your country of residence. If you currently live in Finland and previoiusly lived abroad, apply for pension 6 months before you plan to retire. Also fill in the digital Appendix U Residence and Employment Abroad.
If an illness is making it difficult for you to continue working, consider applying for rehabilitation.
Is your employee about to retire? What should the employer do? (pdf)

Apply for pension online

Log in using banking codes or a mobile certificate. Have your IBAN account number on hand for filling in the application.

Applications

How to apply for old-age pension

1. Enter your birth year 1950–1962. 2. Select the situation that applies to you from the timeline.

At work
Applying for pension
Retired

At work

Enter year of birth!

Year of birth must be between 1950 and 1962!

Following the pension reform in 2017, your pension will accrue at 1.5%/year. In addition your pension will increase by 0.4%/deferred month if you continue to work after turning 63.

You can retire on old-age pension at your discretion at any time between the ages of 63 and 68. Discuss retirement matters at your workplace, say, in a personal development discussion.

The pension begins after the end of the employment relationship at the earliest at the beginning of the month following the month in which you turn 63.

If you are between the ages of 53 and 62 your pension will accrue at a rate of 1.7%/year and at a rate of 1.5%/year after you turn 63. In addition your pension will increase by 0.4%/deferred month if you continue to work after turning 63.

You can retire on old-age pension at any time you wish between the upper and lower retirement age limits. The impact of the increase for deferred retirement (0.4%/year as of 2017) based on the pension reform at the target pension age would be equal to the reduction resulting from the life expectancy coefficient at the minimum retirement age.

Discuss retirement matters at your workplace, say, in a personal development discussion.

The pension begins after the end of the employment relationship at the earliest at the beginning of the month following the month in which you reach the minimum retirement age.

Applying for pension

Enter year of birth!

Year of birth must be between 1950 and 1962!

Your minimum retirement age is @MinYear @MinMonth, your target retirement age is @TargetYear @TargetMonth and your maximum retirement age is @MaxYear.
Your minimum retirement age is @MinYear @MinMonth and your maximum retirement age is @MaxYear.

  1. Decide when you want to retire.
  2. Agree on the end of your employment well ahead of time.
  3. Apply for pension 2 weeks prior to the start of your pension. (If you have lived or worked overseas apply 6 months earlier.) When you apply for pension you can order documents containing decisions that concern you to be sent to your electronic archive.
  4. We make the pension decision once your employer sends us the information concerning the end of your employment.
  5. You will receive a message when we have made the decision on your pension.  If you had not ordered pension documents to your  electronic archive we will  send the decision by post to your home address.
Fill in the electronic application

Retired

Your pension will be paid into your account after the decision has been sent. In future, the pension will be paid into your account on the first banking day of each month.

The employee pension card that entitles you to pensioner discounts will arrive at your home address within around 2 weeks of the decision. You can also save your electronic employee pension card on your smart phone.

You may take on work after you have retired. Working while on a pension accrues pension at a rate of 1.5% per year without an income limit.

Old-age pension in a nutshell

Old-age pension (pdf)

How to apply for old-age pension for the unemployed

1. Enter your birth year 1955–1957.

2. Select the situation that applies to you from the timeline.

Continued unemployment allowance
Applying for pension
Retired

Continued unemployment allowance

Enter year of birth!

Year of birth must be between 1955 and 1957!

At least @MinYear @MinMonth old when unemployment begins. Working for at least 5 out of 20 years.

Unemployment allowance for a max. of 5 days/wk, i.e. for 500 days = approx. 2 yrs.

Additional days because your age when the 500 days expire is at least @AfterExtraAge.

  1. Apply for pension 1 month prior to the start of your pension. (If you have lived or worked overseas apply 6 months earlier.) Fill in the old-age pension application and choose the item "Old-age pension for persons 62 years or over who have received additional days of unemployment allowance". 
  2. Inform the payer of the allowance of the month at the beginning of which you will retire.
  3. Send us a certificate from your unemployment fund immediately after you receive it.
  4. We will make the pension decision when we receive the final daily allowance data from the earnings register.
  5. You will get a message when we have made a decision on your pension or if you had not ordered your pension documents to your electronic archive we will send the decision by post to your home address. The pension begins at the earliest at the beginning of the month following the month in which you turn 62.
Fill in the electronic application

Retired

Your pension will be paid into your account after the decision has been sent. In future, the pension will be paid into your account on the first banking day of each month.

The employee pension card that entitles you to pensioner discounts will arrive at your home address within around 2 weeks of the decision. You can also save your electronic employee pension card on you smart phone. 

You may take on work after you have retired. Working while on a pension accrues pension at a rate of 1.5% per year without an income limit.

Old-age pension for the unemployed already at the age of 62?

Pension cover for the unemployed (pdf)

How to apply for partial old-age pension

  1. Plan. Estimate the amount of your pension. Also think about whether your current employment earnings will change, because working while drawing partial old-age pension is voluntary. You can also think about when you intend to switch to full old-age pension.
  2. Arrange. If you are employed and wish to reduce your working hours, you must arrange that with your employer. If you are an entrepreneur and your work input changes as you begin drawing partial old-age pension, be sure to indicate the amount of your new earned income under the Self-Employed Persons Pensions Act (YEL) in your pension application. Entrepreneurs must have YEL insurance if, while they are drawing partial old-age pension, the amount of their work input exceeds the lower limit for the mandatory insurance (€7,656.26 in 2018).
  3. Apply. Apply for the pension two weeks prior to the start of your retirement. Partial old-age pension can begin, at the earliest, at the start of the month after it was applied for.

Please note that when you decide to retire on full old-age pension, you must apply for it separately.
Partial old-age pension (pdf)

Partial old-age pension

  • Age limit 61 years
  • 25 or 50% of the pension accrued up until the end of the previous year
Electronic application

How to apply for survivors' pension

Apply for survivors’ pension as soon as possible but no later than 6 months following the death of the primary beneficiary, because, unless there is a specific reason, survivors’ pensions are not payable retroactively for more than six months.

Submit your application to Varma if the insured (i.e. the deceased person) received pension from us or if his/her employment earnings in the two years preceding his/her death were primarily insured by us.

  1. Fill in the surviving spouse’s pension application if you are entitled to survivors' pension.
  2. Fill in a separate survivors’ pension application form for each child.
  3. Fill in an appendix U (Living and working abroad) if you or the primary beneficiary has worked or lived abroad. 

The fastest way to submit your application is through Varma's eServices.

Survivors' pension (pdf)

Survivors’ pension to

  • a child under 18 years of age
  • the spouse of the deceased
  • the surviving partner of a registered partnership

A common-law spouse is not entitled to survivors’ pension.

Check right to pension

If you cannot submit the application through eServices use pdf-applications in Työeläke.fi

Please fill in the form preferably on your computer screen, print it out and sign it. You can send in an application either by post to Varma, P.O. Box 3, FI-00098 VARMA or you can scan your signed application and send it in a secure email.

Spouse's pension application (pdf)
Orphan's pension application (pdf)
- Information for pension applicants (pdf)

Residence and employment abroad, appendix U (pdf)
- Instructions for completing appendix U (pdf)

How to send a secure email to Varma

Send an encrypted message at the address https://turvaposti.varma.fi
Enter your own email address as the sender.
Enter skannausEpa@varma.fi as the recipient.
Click Continue. Enter the subject and your message. Include the required attachments. Press Send.

More information on pensions

Read online or print out a brochure that provides you with information about pensions.

You can check the status of your application

Waiting for a pension decision can seem to take a long time. You can follow the processing of your application on our web service. 

The average processing time for old-age pension is about three weeks on average. Submitting the application earlier will not expedite the process; we will be able to make a decision only after we have received the final, actual pay information from your employer. For this reason, you should not apply until two weeks before the start of the pension. If you have been working abroad, the processing takes longer than average.
The processing time for early old-age pension is about one week.

The processing of a disability pension application takes about seven weeks on average. It is a good idea to apply for pension three months before the 300 days of daily sickness allowance come to an end. You will more likely receive a pension decision from us before the payment of your daily sickness allowance ends.

A survivors’ pension decision is normally made within three weeks. It is possible to follow the processing of a surviving spouse's pension application online.

Please note that it may take longer than usual to process the application if we have to wait for additional information that is required to make a decision.

Appealing Varma's decision

Have you received a decision from Varma that you are dissatisfied with? You have the right to appeal the decision within 7 + 30 days of posting the decision. If you have opted for an electronic decision, the appeal period is 3 + 30 days.

Instructions for Appeal are attached to the decision and you should read them carefully before appealing the decision. If we cannot change the decision about your application in the manner you request, we will forward your appeal to the Employment Pension Appeals Board.

The appeal must arrive at Varma at the latest by 4 pm (Finnish time) on the last day of the appeal period. If the last day of the appeal period is not a weekday, the appeal can be submitted on the following weekday.

Appeal against decision

Appeal a decision online

You can take a closer look at the electronic form before filling it in. The connection is secure.

Go to the form