Applying for pension

Digital application and decision speed up the process

Pension is a benefit that must be applied for

Before applying for pension, you can estimate the amount of your pension in our online service if necessary.

  1. Check this page for your eligibility to receive pension.
  2. Fill in the electronic application - check below for when to do so.

You can apply for both earnings-related and national pension at the same time. Are you eligible for national pension? Check

Apply at the right time

  • Old-age pension or partial old-age pension: 2 weeks before the start of the pension
  • Old-age pension for persons 62 years or over who have received additional days of unemployment allowance: 1 month before the start of the pension 
  • Disability pension: no later than 2 months before the 300-day period of daily sickness allowance ends
  • Partial disability pension or years-of-service pension: preliminary application a few months before
  • Survivors' pension: as soon as possible after the death of the preliminary beneficiary 

If you have lived or worked abroad, apply 6 months before the start of the pension. Also fill in the digital Appendix U Residence and Employment Abroad.
If an illness is making it difficult for you to continue working, consider applying for rehabilitation.
Is your employee about to retire? What should the employer do? (pdf)

Apply for pension online

Log in using banking codes or a mobile certificate. Have your IBAN account number on hand for filling in the application.


Old-age pension in a nutshell

Old-age pension (pdf)

Old-age pension for the unemployed already at the age of 62?

Pension cover for the unemployed (pdf)

How to apply for partial old-age pension

  1. Plan. Estimate the amount of your pension. Also think about whether your current employment earnings will change, because working while drawing partial old-age pension is voluntary. You can also think about when you intend to switch to full old-age pension.
  2. Arrange. If you are employed and wish to reduce your working hours, you must arrange that with your employer. If you are an entrepreneur and your work input changes as you begin drawing partial old-age pension, be sure to indicate the amount of your new earned income under the Self-Employed Persons Pensions Act (YEL) in your pension application. Entrepreneurs must have YEL insurance if, while they are drawing partial old-age pension, the amount of their work input exceeds the lower limit for the mandatory insurance (€7,656.26 in 2018).
  3. Apply. Apply for the pension two weeks prior to the start of your retirement. Partial old-age pension can begin, at the earliest, at the start of the month after it was applied for.

Please note that when you decide to retire on full old-age pension, you must apply for it separately.
Partial old-age pension (pdf)

Partial old-age pension

  • Age limit 61 years
  • 25 or 50% of the pension accrued up until the end of the previous year
Electronic application

How to apply for survivors' pension

Apply for survivors’ pension as soon as possible but no later than 6 months following the death of the primary beneficiary, because, unless there is a specific reason, survivors’ pensions are not payable retroactively for more than six months.

  1. Fill in the surviving spouse’s pension application. You can receive survivors’ pension if you were married before your spouse turned 65.
  2. Fill in a separate survivors’ pension application form for each child.
  3. Fill in an appendix U (Living and working abroad) if you or the primary beneficiary has worked or lived abroad. 

The fastest way to submit your application is through Varma's eServices.

Survivors' pension (pdf)

Pdf-applications in Työelä

Spouse's pension application
Orphan's pension application
- Information for pension applicants
Residence and employment abroad, appendix U
Please fill in the form preferably on your computer screen, print it out and sign it. You can send in an application either by post to Varma, P.O. Box 3, FI-00098 VARMA or you can scan your signed application and send it in a secure email

How to send a secure email to Varma

Send an encrypted message at the address
Enter your own email address as the sender.
Enter as the recipient.
Click Continue. Enter the subject and your message. Include the required attachments. Press Send.

Survivors’ pension can be granted to

  • a child under 18 years of age
  • the spouse of the deceased
  • the surviving partner of a registered partnership

A common-law spouse is not entitled to survivors’ pension.

Check right to pension

More information on pensions

Read online or print out a brochure that provides you with information about pensions.

You can check the status of your application

Waiting for a pension decision can seem to take a long time. You can follow the processing of your application on our web service. 

The average processing time for old-age pension is about one month on average. Submitting the application earlier will not expedite the process; we will be able to make a decision only after we have received the final, actual pay information from your employer. For this reason, you should not apply until two weeks before the start of the pension. If you have been working abroad, the processing takes longer than average.
The processing time for early old-age pension is about two weeks.

The processing of a disability pension application takes about seven weeks on average. It is a good idea to apply for pension three months before the 300 days of daily sickness allowance come to an end. You will more likely receive a pension decision from us before the payment of your daily sickness allowance ends.

A survivors’ pension decision is normally made within two weeks. It is possible to follow the processing of a surviving spouse's pension application online.

Appealing Varma's decision

Have you received a decision from Varma that you are dissatisfied with? You have the right to appeal the decision within 7 + 30 days of posting the decision. If you have opted for an electronic decision, the appeal period is 3 + 30 days.

Instructions for Appeal are attached to the decision and you should read them carefully before appealing the decision. If we cannot change the decision about your application in the manner you request, we will forward your appeal to the Employment Pension Appeals Board.

The appeal must arrive at Varma at the latest by 4 pm (Finnish time) on the last day of the appeal period. If the last day of the appeal period is not a weekday, the appeal can be submitted on the following weekday.

Appeal against decision

Appeal a decision online

You can take a closer look at the electronic form before filling it in. The connection is secure.

Go to the form